Thailand: Judicial harassment against Ms. Thanaporn Saleephol

Urgent Appeal

THA 002 / 0420 / OBS 038
Judicial harassment /
Obstacles to freedom of expression
April 21, 2020

The Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders, a joint partnership of FIDH and the World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT), requests your urgent intervention in the following situation in Thailand.

Description of the situation:

The Observatory has been informed by reliable sources about the judicial harassment against Ms. Thanaporn Saleephol, a former Communications Associate at the human rights NGO Fortify Rights, in relation to five social media engagements she posted between November 24, 2019, and January 30, 2020, to express support for fellow women human rights defenders involved in criminal defamation cases regarding labour rights abuses committed by the Thai poultry company Thammakaset Co., Ltd [1].

According to the information received, on March 30, 2020, Thammakaset filed a criminal defamation complaint against Ms. Thanaporn under Articles 326 (‘defamation’) and 328 (‘libel’) of the Thai Criminal Code. If convicted, Ms. Thanaporn faces up to 10 years in prison and a fine of up to one million Baht (approximately 27,700 Euros). The Bangkok South Criminal Court scheduled a mediation hearing between Thammakaset and Ms. Thanaporn on August 5, 2020. If the mediation fails, a preliminary hearing is set for August 17, 2020.

The complaint stemmed from two tweets and three retweets posted by Ms. Thanaporn, in which she expressed support and solidarity for Ms. Angkhana Neelapaijit [2] and Ms. Puttanee Kangkun [3]. The links mentioned in the five social media posts made reference to an open letter signed by 89 organisations and issued on February 14, 2019, which contained a hyperlink to a Fortify Rights video clip that Thammakaset considers defamatory.

The Observatory recalls that Thammakaset has at least 36 criminal and civil cases against at least 22 defendants, including human rights defenders, workers, and a journalist, for alleged defamation of the company [4]. Human rights defenders targeted by Thammakaset include Mr. Andy Hall [5], Ms. Sutharee Wannasiri, Mr. Nan Win [6], Ms. Ngamsuk Ruttanasatian, Ms. Suthasinee Kaewleklai, Ms. Angkhana Neelapaijit, Ms. Puttanee Kangkun, and Ms. Suchanee Cloitre [7].

The Observatory also recalls that on April 4, 2018, at the end of its 10-day visit to Thailand, the United Nations (UN) Working Group on Business and Human Rights issued a statement that urged the Thai government to “ensure that defamation cases are not used by businesses as a tool to undermine legitimate rights and freedoms of affected rights holders, [civil society organizations] and human rights defenders.”

On March 12, 2020, a group of UN human rights experts, including the UN Working Group on Business and Human Rights, condemned Thammakaset’s “continued misuse of judicial processes” to harass and silence human rights defenders.

The Observatory condemns Thammakaset’s judicial harassment against Ms. Thanaporn Saleephol,as it seems to be only aimed at punishing her for the legitimate exercise of her right to freedom of expression. The Observatory calls on Thai authorities to immediately put an end to any act of harassment, including at the judicial level, against Ms. Thanaporn Saleephol and all other human rights defenders targeted by civil and criminal defamation complaints filed by Thammakaset.

Actions requested:

Please write to the authorities of Thailand asking them to:

i. Put an end to all acts of harassment, including at the judicial level, against Ms. Thanaporn Saleephol, and all other human rights defenders targeted by Thammakaset;

ii. Ensure in all circumstances that human rights defenders in Thailand are able to carry out their legitimate activities without any hindrance or fear of reprisals;

iii. Guarantee in all circumstances the right to freedom of opinion and expression guaranteed by Article 19 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR);

iv. Repeal criminal defamation provisions (Articles 326 and 328 of the Criminal Code);

v. Comply with all the provisions of the United Nations Declaration on Human Rights Defenders adopted by the UN General Assembly on December 9, 1998, in particular Articles 1, and 12;

vi. Ensure in all circumstances respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms in accordance with international human rights standards and international instruments to which Thailand is a State party.


· Mr. Prayuth Chan-ocha, Prime Minister of Thailand, Fax: +66 (0) 2 282 5131
· Mr. Don Pramudwinai, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Thailand, Fax: +66 (0) 2 643 5320; Email:
· Mr. Somsak Thepsutin, Minister of Justice of Thailand, Fax: +66 (0) 2 953 0503
· Pol Gen Chaktip Chaijinda, Commissioner-General of the Royal Thai Police, Fax: +66 (0) 2 251 5956 / +66 (0) 2 251 8702
· Mr. Wat Tingsamit, Chairperson of the National Human Rights Commission of Thailand, Email:
· H.E. Mr. Thani Thongphakdi, Ambassador, Permanent Mission of Thailand to the United Nations in Geneva, Switzerland, Fax: +41 22 715 10 00 / 10 02; Email:
· Embassy of Thailand in Brussels, Belgium, Fax: +32 2 648 30 66; Email:

Please also write to the diplomatic representations of Thailand in your respective countries.

Paris-Geneva, April 21, 2020

Kindly inform us of any action undertaken quoting the code of this appeal in your reply.

The Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders (the Observatory) was created in 1997 by FIDH and the World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT). The objective of this programme is to prevent or remedy situations of repression against human rights defenders. FIDH and OMCT are both members of, the European Union Human Rights Defenders Mechanism implemented by international civil society.

To contact the Observatory, call the emergency line:
· E-mail:
· Tel and fax FIDH +33 (0) 1 43 55 25 18 / +33 1 43 55 18 80
· Tel and fax OMCT +41 (0) 22 809 49 39 / +41 22 809 49 29

[1] On October 4, 2017, Fortify Rights published a video clip in which Burmese migrant workers employed by Thammakaset, including Mr. Nan Win, described how the company filed criminal defamation complaints against them after the workers reported labour rights violations to the Thai authorities.
[2] See Observatory Urgent Appeal THA 002 / 1119 / OBS 098, published on November 27, 2019.
[3] See Observatory Urgent Appeal THA 001 / 0220 / OBS 016, published on February 14, 2020.
[4] See the Observatory Factsheet, “Thammakaset vs. human rights defenders and workers in Thailand”, published on May 23, 2019:
[5] See Observatory Urgent Appeal THA 003 / 0815 / OBS 067.5, published on May 23, 2019.
[6] See Observatory Urgent Appeal THA 005 / 1118 / OBS 137.1, published on March 28, 2019.
[7] See Observatory Urgent Appeal THA 003 / 1219 / OBS 114, published on December 27, 2019.

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