The Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders, a joint programme of the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) and the World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT) requests your urgent intervention in the following situation in Burundi.
Description of the situation:
The Observatory has been informed of the temporary suspension, by ministerial order, of the activities of ten Burundian human rights NGOs and of the freezing of their assets, in relation with an investigation into alleged incitement to violence in recent months in Burundi.
According to information received on November 23rd, 2015, the Burundian Ministry of Interior has issued the Decree 530/1597 ordering the temporary suspension of activities of the top ten Burundian human rights NGOs, namely: Christians Action for the Abolition of Torture (ACAT-Burundi), the Association for the protection of detainees and human rights (APRODH), the Association of non-active military (AMINA), the Forum for consciousness and Development (FOCODE), the Forum for the Strengthening of Civil Society (FORSC), the Fountain Isoko of good governance for Integrated Development (FONTAINE-Isoko), the Association Maison Shalom (Shalom House), Word and action for the awakening of consciences and evolution of mentalities (PARCEM), the Network of honest citizens (CPR) and Synergy of partners for the promotion of women’s rights (SPPDF).
This suspension order is linked to an investigation into alleged incitement to violence in recent months in Burundi, as part of a series of riots held across the country to oppose the decision of President Nkurunziza to run for a third term.
Moreover, in a letter from November 19th, 2015, the Attorney General of the Republic, Mr. Valentin Bagorikunda, asks banks in the country to forward the account numbers and records for 2015 of the ACAT-Burundi, the APRODH, the AMINA, the FOCODE, the FORSC, FONTAINE-Isoko, PARCEM, RCP and SPPDF, and Mr. Pacifique Nininahazwe, President of the FOCODE, Mr. Vital Nshimirimana, FORSC delegate General, and Mr. Armel Niyongere, President of ACAT-Burundi. The Prosecutor has also served notice of the freezing of these accounts until further notice.
The Observatory expresses its deep concern regarding the obstacles to freedom of association against the 10 Human Rights NGOs mentioned above, which are part of a context of continued harassment of Burundian civil society and obstacles to the activities of human rights defenders, and calls on the Burundian authorities to stop all forms of harassment against NGOs and human rights defenders in Burundi.
The Observatory urges you to write to the Burundian authorities and ask them to:
i. Guarantee, under all circumstances, the physical and psychological integrity of all human rights defenders and their families in Burundi;
ii. Cancel the Decree 530/1597 ordering the temporary suspension of activities of the ten organisations mentioned above;
iii. End all forms of harassment, including administrative and judicial, against the organizations mentioned above, all human rights defenders and their families in Burundi;
iv. Remove immediately the assets freezing of organizations and defenders mentioned above;
v. Comply with the provisions of the Declaration on Human Rights Defenders, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 9 December 1998, especially the following articles:
Article 1 stating that “Everyone has the right, individually and in association with others, to promote and to strive for the protection and realization of human rights and fundamental freedoms at the national and international levels”;
Article 6(b), according to which, “Everyone has the right, individually and in association with others: As provided for in human rights and other applicable international instruments, freely to publish, impart or disseminate to others views, information and knowledge on all human rights and fundamental freedoms
Article 12.2 stating that “The State shall take all necessary measures to ensure the protection by the competent authorities of everyone, individually and in association with others, against any violence, threats, retaliation, de facto or de jure adverse discrimination, pressure or any other arbitrary action as a consequence of his or her legitimate exercise of the rights referred to in the present Declaration.
vi. More generally, abide by the provisions of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights as well as the regional and international instruments on human rights that have been ratified by Burundi.
· H.E. Pierre Nkurunziza, President of the Republic, Presidency of the Republic, Boulevard de l’Uprona, Rohero I, BP 1870, Bujumbura, Burundi. Fax: +257 22 22 74 90
· MrProsper Bazombanza, First Vice President, BP 1870, Bujumbura, Burundi. Fax: +257 22 22 64 24
· Lt General Major Pontien Gaciyubwenge, Minister of National Defence and War Veterans, Fax : +257 22 25 32 15 / 22 25 32 18, Email: email@example.com
· Me Godeliève Ninahazwe, Minister of National Solidarity, Gender and Human Rights BP 6518, Bujumbura, Burundi. Fax: +257 22 25 82 50
· Commissioner Gabriel Nizigama, Minister of Public Security, BP 1910, Bujumbura, Burundi. Fax: + 257 22 24 53 51, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
· Permanent Mission of Burundi to the United Nations, rue de Lausanne 44, 1201 Geneva, Switzerland. Fax: +41 22 732 77 34. Email: email@example.com
· Embassy of Burundi in Brussels, Square Marie-Louise 46, 1000 Brussels, Belgium. Fax: +32 2 230 78 83, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
We suggest that you also write to the diplomatic representations of Burundi in your respective countries.
|Paris-Geneva, 25th December 2015|
Please inform the Observatory of any actions taken, and indicate the code number of this appeal.
The Observatory, a joint FIDH–OMCT programme aims to protect human rights defenders who are victims of violations and to bring them material assistance as quickly as possible.
To contact the Observatory, call the emergency line:
· E-mail : Appeals@fidh-omct.org
· Tel and fax FIDH: 33 1 43 55 25 18 / 33 1 43 55 18 80
· Tel and fax OMCT: + 41 22 809 49 39 / 41 22 809 49 2