As military redeployments are being discussed, a ‘civilian surge’ is more urgent than ever in the Sahel

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Thomas COEX / AFP

16 February 2022 – We, members of the People’s Coalition for the Sahel, call on African and European leaders, who are meeting this week for a summit in Brussels, to promote a genuine ‘civilian surge’ to tackle the root causes of the crisis in the Sahel and better protect civilians.

Statement by the People’s Coalition for the Sahel.

Rarely has the Sahel been so much in the spotlight. Attention is focused on the possible withdrawal of French and European troops from Mali, the arrival of Russian forces, military coups and diplomatic disputes. But governments and international actors have taken little action to respond to the needs of the population, who continue to be the first victims of insecurity.

In Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger, nearly 2,000 civilians have been killed in violence over the past 12 months, two-thirds of which are attributed to so-called jihadist armed groups, according to the Armed Conflict Location & Event Data Project (ACLED). 2.5 million people have been forced to flee their homes, the majority of them children who are now out of school – twice as many as a year ago. 15 million Sahelians are dependent on humanitarian aid, food insecurity is spreading at an alarming rate, and access to basic services such as health care is still lacking. Despite the urgency, only 48% of humanitarian needs are currently funded.

Just one year ago, Sahelian heads of state and their international partners made strong commitments at the G5 Sahel Summit in N’Djamena concerning the protection of civilians, governance, the humanitarian emergency and the fight against impunity, which mirror the four priorities identified by the People’s Coalition as key to a more effective response to the crisis in the region (the People’s Pillars). Unfortunately, the promises of a ‘civil and political surge’ recorded in the final declaration of the summit have been well and truly buried.

In a context of growing polarisation, we strongly condemn the increasing attacks on freedom of expression, from mobile internet blackouts in Burkina Faso to threats against journalists or civil society representatives in Mali, Niger and Chad.

We take note of statements by Sahelian leaders in support of human rights and international humanitarian law. But we deplore the continuation of impunity, which perpetuates mistrust among populations and fuels the cycle of violence. Throughout the central Sahel, allegations of abuse continue to be made against elements of the defence and security forces, yet the main perpetrators of violations against civilians have not been brought to trial.

The imperatives of transparency and accountability also apply to all foreign forces in the Sahel. We note the rare communication from the French Ministry of Defence on the death of four civilians during a French military operation on 8 February in northern Burkina Faso. We regret, however, that France has still not responded to the requests of civil society and the President of Niger to open an investigation into the deaths of three civilians on the margins of a demonstration against a French military convoy in Tera, Niger, last November.

One year after the encouraging commitments of the N’Djamena summit, sustained civilian and political investment in the Sahel is more urgent than ever to finally implement a people-centred approach. Continuing to focus on a security response that does not address the root causes of the crisis would repeat the mistakes that have led to the current impasse.

The African Union-European Union Summit on 17-18 February should be an opportunity for a new beginning for the Sahel and its partners. The People’s Coalition for the Sahel will continue to monitor responses to the crisis and will publish in the coming weeks a series of updates measuring progress since the publication of the report "The Sahel: What needs to change".

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  • Co-signatories

    African Security Sector Network (ASSN)
    • Afrikajom Center
    • Alliance pour la Paix et la Sécurité (APAISE) – Niger
    • Association des Juristes Maliennes (AJM) – Mali
    • Association Malienne des Droits de l’Homme (AMDH) – Mali
    • Association Nigérienne de Défense des Droits de l’Homme (ANDDH) – Niger
    • Association Nodde Nooto (A2N) – Burkina Faso
    • Collectif contre l’Impunité et la Stigmatisation des Communautés (CISC) – Burkina Faso
    • Institut Malien de Recherche-Action pour la Paix (IMRAP) – Mali
    • Ligue Tchadienne des Droits de l’Homme (LTDH) – Tchad
    • Observatoire Citoyen sur la Gouvernance et la Sécurité (OCGS) – Mali
    • Observatoire Kisal
    • Organisation pour de Nouvelles Initiatives en Développement et Santé (ONIDS) – Burkina Faso
    • Mouvement Burkinabé des Droits de l’Homme et des Peuples (MBDHP) – Burkina Faso

    • Réseau de Réflexion Stratégique sur la Sécurité au Sahel (2R3S)
    • Réseau Nigérien pour la gestion non violente des conflits (Re-GENOVICO) – Niger
    • Réseau Panafricain pour la Paix, la Démocratie et le Développement (REPPAD) – Niger
    • SOS-Civisme Niger
    • WATHI Think Thank
    • West Africa Network for Peacebuilding (WANEP Niger) – Niger
    • Women in Law and Development (WiLDAF) – Mali

    International organisations supporting the statement:

    • Civil Society Platform for Peacebuilding and Statebuilding (CSPPS)
    • Cordaid
    • Fédération Internationale pour les Droits Humains (FIDH)
    • Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect (GCR2P)
    • Human Rights Watch (HRW)
    • Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC)
    • Oxfam
    • Search for Common Ground
    • SOS Faim Luxembourg

  • Attached documents

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