Bahrain: 53 NGOs urge UN to voice support for Nabeel Rajab

Open Letter

20 December 2016

H.E. Zeid Ra’ad Zeid al-Hussein
United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
Palais Wilson
52 rue des Pâquis
CH-1201 Geneva

CC: David Kaye, Special Rapporteur on Free Expression
Michele Forst, Special Rapporteur on Human Rights Defenders

Dear Mr. High Commissioner,

We, the undersigned human rights organizations, write to urge your office to urgently and publicly call on the Government of Bahrain to immediately and unconditionally release human rights defender Nabeel Rajab and drop the charges against him. His next, and likely final, trial date is scheduled for 28 December.

Nabeel Rajab’s trial is ongoing following the fifth extension of his court proceedings on 15 December. The further delay of Rajab’s trial to late December is additionally concerning due to the precedent established by the Bahraini government to take advantage of the time period around the end of year holidays to further violate human rights. For example, on 28 December 2014, the Government of Bahrain arrested and charged Sheikh Ali Salman, the Secretary General of the now dissolved Al-Wefaq political society, in relation to his free expression. Salman continues to serve a nine-year arbitrary prison sentence following his own lengthy trial.

This December, Nabeel Rajab could face up to 15 years in prison on charges regarding tweets and re-tweets from his account addressing torture in Bahrain’s Jau Prison, as well as criticizing Bahrain’s participation in Saudi Arabia-led military operations in Yemen. These military actions in Yemen, according to the United Nations, have so far been responsible for the deaths of more than 8,100 civilians, and include numerous unlawful airstrikes on markets, homes, hospitals, and schools. Rajab’s comments on Twitter about the Saudi-led coalition airstrikes in Yemen led to his arrest on 2 April 2015. Bahrain’s penal code provides for up to 10 years in prison for anyone who “deliberately announces in wartime false or malicious news, statements or rumors.”

Bahraini authorities released Rajab on 13 July 2015 in accordance with a royal pardon for previous Twitter-related charges following extensive international pressure. However, the Public Prosecution maintained this second round of charges against Rajab following his release and ordered his re-arrest nearly a year later on 13 June 2016. Rajab is also facing charges of “offending a foreign country” – Saudi Arabia – and “offending national institutions” for his comments about the torture of inmates at Jau Prison in March 2015. In October 2016, after months of trial hearings, the court reopened his case for investigation rather than dismissing the charges against him due to the lack of evidence.

Moreover, the government brought an additional charge against Rajab in relation to an open letter published in the New York Times on 4 September 2016. The Bahraini authorities immediately responded by charging Rajab with “undermining the prestige of the state.”

Since June 2016, Rajab has been held in pre-trial detention, including two weeks of solitary confinement following his initial arrest. The United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for Non-Custodial Measures state that “pre-trial detention shall be used as a means of last resort in criminal proceedings, with due regard for the investigation of the alleged offence and for the protection of society and the victim.” The government’s use of pretrial solitary confinement against Nabeel Rajab while prosecuting him for free expression is clearly an additional form of reprisal for his work as a human rights defender and is in breach of the UN’s standards for detention.

Nabeel Rajab is the co-founder and president of the Bahrain Center for Human Rights, the founding director of the Gulf Center for Human Rights, a Deputy Secretary General of the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) from 2012 to 2016, and holds advisory positions with Human Rights Watch. Amnesty International considers him to be a prisoner of conscience. His human rights activism and his peaceful criticism of the Bahraini authorities have resulted in his imprisonment on two previous occasions, between May 2012 and May 2014, and between January 2015 and July 2015.

Mr. High Commissioner, your office has pursued and published a number of communications in relation to human rights abuses perpetuated against Nabeel Rajab. Yet with his likely final court appearance approaching, it is imperative, now more than ever, to use the weight of your office to publicly defend him. We therefore call on you to issue a public statement in defense of Nabeel Rajab as a human rights defender arbitrarily detained for his free and peaceful expression. We further urge you to publicly call on the Government of Bahrain to immediately and unconditionally release Rajab, and to drop all charges against him.


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  • Co-signatories

    1. Americans for Democracy & Human Rights in Bahrain
    2. Albanian Media Institute
    3. Amnesty International
    4. Article 19
    5. Association of Caribbean Media Workers
    6. Bahrain Center for Human Rights
    7. Bahrain Human Rights Society
    8. Bahrain Institute for Rights and Democracy
    9. Bahrain Press Association
    10. Brazilian Association for Investigative Journalism
    11. Cambodian Center for Human Rights
    12. Canadian Journalists for Free Expression
    13. Center for Media Studies & Peace Building
    14. CIVICUS: World Alliance for Citizen Participation
    15. Digital Rights Foundation
    16. Electronic Frontier Foundation
    17. English PEN
    18. European-Bahraini Organisation for Human Rights
    19. European Center for Democracy and Human Rights
    20. Foro de Periodismo Argentino
    21. Foundation for Press Freedom - FLIP
    22. Free Media Movement
    23. Freedom Forum
    24. Freedom House
    25. Free Media Movement
    26. Globe International Center
    27. Gulf Centre for Human Rights
    28. Independent Journalism Center - Moldova
    29. Index on Censorship
    30. International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH), within the framework of the Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders
    31. International Press Institute
    32. International Service for Human Rights
    33. Journaliste en danger
    34. Maharat Foundation
    35. MARCH
    36. Media, Entertainment and Arts Alliance
    37. Media Institute of Southern Africa
    38. Media Watch
    39. National Union of Somali Journalists
    40. No Peace Without Justice
    41. Norwegian PEN
    42. OpenMedia
    43. Pacific Freedom Forum
    44. Pacific Island News Association
    45. Palestinian Center for Development and Media Freedoms - MADA
    46. PEN American Center
    47. PEN Canada
    48. PEN International
    49. Reporters Without Borders (RSF)
    50. South East European Network for Professionalization of Media
    51. Vigilance pour la Démocratie et l’État Civique
    52. World Association of Newspapers and News Publishers
    53. World Organization Against Torture (OMCT), within the framework of the Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders

    Clive Stafford Smith OBE, Founder, Reprieve

  • Member organisations - Bahrain
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    Saudi Arabia Bahrain Kuwait Oman Qatar Yemen

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