20 facts to grasp the extent of the humanitarian crisis in Syria

Press release
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It is 5 years since peaceful demonstrations erupted in Syria in 2011 and the country has become the epicentre of the humanitarian and political crisis of our generation. Here are 20 facts that will help shed some light on the suffering Syrians are bravely enduring on a daily basis.


- 13.5 million Syrians, approximately 70% of the population, are now in need of humanitarian aid such as water, food, healthcare and shelter. [1]
- Nearly $8 billion is needed this year alone to respond to the humanitarian crisis in Syria and the region. [2]
- Life expectancy has dropped by over 20 years since 2011. [3]
- More than 3 in 4 Syrians now live in poverty. [4]
- Satellite images have shown that over 83% of the lights in Syria have gone out since the war began. [5]


- Food, water and medicine is being wilfully withheld from up to 1 million people in cities under siege. [6]
- 49 out of 52 (94% of) besieged areas are encircled by forces loyal Syria’s president, Bashar al-Assad. [7]
- Tens of thousands of Syrians are being unlawfully held across Syria, in facilities where death is rampant. The head of the UN Commission of Inquiry on Syria has said that "the mass scale of deaths of detainees suggests that the government of Syria is responsible for acts that amount to extermination as a crime against humanity". [8]


- 7.5 million children in Syria are growing up having known nothing but conflict. [9]
- 6 million children are in need of life-saving aid. [10]
- 2.1 million Syrian children are growing up as refugees. [11]
- Over 3,000 children per day have fled their homes since 2011. [12]
- School enrolment is as low as 6% in parts of Syria. [13]


- At least 250,000 people have been killed according to the UN. Other organisations estimate the death toll to be more than 450,000. [14]
- One healthcare facility was attacked from the air every two days between June and August 2015. Syrian government and allied forces have been responsible for 90% of attacks on medical facilities and 95% of attacks on medical personnel. [15]
- Unarmed Syrian rescue workers have saved 50,000 lives and counting. [16]
- More than 4,000 attacks on schools have been recorded since 2011. [17]


- Over 10.5 million Syrians have been forced to flee their homes in terror. [18]
- Syrians are now the largest refugee population in the world. In 2012, the first full year of fighting, 100,000 Syrians fled their country’s borders. That number has now swelled to 4.3 million and continues to rise. [19]
- An average of 50 Syrian families have been displaced from their homes every hour of every day since 2011. [20]

For more information, visit #WithSyria campaign website

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