This report follows a fact-finding mission that was conducted in Egypt in March 2011 and documented the grave human rights violations perpetrated by the security forces against the protesters during the popular uprising.
The investigation covered the period between January 25th and February 11th, 2011, the day President Mubarak stepped down, with a special focus on Cairo, Alexandria and Suez, the cities that witnessed the most violence.
The mission met with demonstrators, injured people, relatives of victims, human rights, political and religious activists, members of youth groups, lawyers, journalists, and medical doctors. FIDH mission also met with the General Prosecutor and the Attorney General who showed genuine willingness to cooperate with human rights organizations regarding the accurate documentation of abuses.
FIDH focused its investigation on two types of crimes broadly committed by the security forces during the Egyptian uprising: the killing, and attempted killing of peaceful demonstrators; and the arbitrary arrest and torture of demonstrators.
FIDH reports that from January 25th until February 11th, 846 people died and 6,467 were injured, including more than 1,000 people suffering permanent loss of sight. Doctors interviewed by FIDH mentioned that demonstrators were shot dead in the upper part of their bodies.
« We hope the fact-finding mission will contribute to end the impunity of high ranking officials and officers that have been involved in the perpetration of serious human rights abuses under the Mubarak regime», said Souhayr Belhassen, FIDH President.
On May 21st 2011, several of those top ranking officials will have their second court hearing for criminal charges before the criminal court in Cairo.
Report in English:
Report in Arabic: