Reports presented to the UN Committee on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights

On the occasion of the review by the UN Committee on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights of the Periodic Report of the Russian Federation “On Measures Adopted and the Progress Made in Achieving the Observance of the Rights Recognized by the International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights”, the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) will present a series of reports to the Committee on May 11 and 12, 2011. These reports indicate the non-compliance of the Russian Federation with the International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights.

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REPORTS:

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Usually Forgotten, 2011
joint report of Nochlezhka, Network "For overcoming social exclusion" and FIDH
The main issue in regards to the homeless population in Russia is the lack of opportunity to obtain a residence registration. Since the enjoyment of a number of rights and freedoms recognized by the Covenant is connected with this registration, the homeless face serious problems in obtaining passports, finding legal work and having access to social insurance, medical assistance or pensions.

- See report
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Discrimination in the Enjoyment of Social and Economic Rights
by Ethnic Minorities and Migrants in Russia
, St. Petersburg, 2010
ADC Memorial, with the support of FIDH

This report takes into consideration the situation of migrant workers, while specifically focusing on Roma migrants in Russia. Further, it looks into the discrimination of these two vulnerable groups face in accessing social and economic rights.

- See report
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Forced Evictions and the Right to Housing of Roma in Russia, July 2008
joint report of ADC Memorial and FIDH

This reports analyzes Russian law in regards to the issue of forced eviction and the Roma population in the country.

- See report
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Update to the FIDH/ADC Memorial 2008 Report "Forced Evictions and the Right to Housing of Roma in Russia", March 2011
ADC Memorial, with the support of FIDH

This update looks into the forced eviction of Roma people in Russia. ’Formal legality’ remains in effect as many Russian authorities are not forbidden from tearing apart the lives of the Roma population.

- See update
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Discrimination and Violation of Roma Children’ s Rights in Schools of the Russian Federation, 2009
ADC Memorial

Roma children in the Russian Federation face two primary forms of discrimination regarding education. The first being access to schools, while the second deals with the quality of formal education

- See report
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Update to the ADC Memorial report "Discrimination and Violation of Roma Children’s Rights in School of the Russian Federation", March 2011
ADC Memorial

This update delves deep into the lack of response by the government of the Russian Federation to improve education for those subject to discrimination. Even with new bills being passed, Russia fails to strictly prohibit discriminatory practices.

- See update

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Recommendations :

FIDH and Nochlezhka request the Russian authorities to :
- Take measures to eliminate discrimination against Russians on the basis of the lack of residence registration, in accordance with the provisions of Article 2 of the Covenant;
- Modernize the registration system and eliminate discrimination against Russian homeless on the basis of residence registration;
- Take measures to ensure an adequate standard of living for the homeless and unregistered individuals, in accordance with the provisions of Article 11 of the Covenant.

FIDH and ADC Memorial request the Russian authorities to:

- Change the legislation and practices to ensure the implementation of social and economic rights, in particular of migrants and ethnic minorities;
- Adopt a law on the regulation of housing and land simplifying the privatization process and strengthening security of tenure;
- Adopt a national policy on housing with
specific measures towards vulnerable groups such
as Roma and migrant workers.
- Adopt legal provisions against forced evictions in conformity with international law

- Adopt anti-discrimination legislation precisely defining discrimination and defining segregation as one
of its forms, with the goal of protecting the rights of Roma children, including against discrimination
in education ;
- Adopt a large-scale federal plan to improve the position of the Roma population in the Russian
Federation, in accordance with the “Action Plan on Improving the Situation of Roma and Sinti Within
the OSCE Area” (Maastricht, 2003),82 and provide for a series of affirmative measures analogous to
those set forth in the OSCE Plan.

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