Once again, terms of cooperation remain euro-centric and focused on efficient return/removal policies as well as on the need for cooperation on behalf of non-EU countries to fight so-called « irregular » migration.
In Europe and in Africa, the security obsession which has characterised migration policies is unfolding with increased border closures on both continents, despite fatal consequences and human rights violations.
As the EU is about to launch its new Neighbourhood Policy, our organisations wish to stress that migration is not a threat and express their grave concerns about the following:
The EU is exporting a failed vision on mobility: the human cost of current migration policies is a tragedy and shows that these policies do not correspond to people’s needs and aspirations;
Blackmailing on access to mobility is not acceptable : The EU must stop conditioning external cooperation upon the signature of readmission agreements;
Cooperation on asylum should not obliterate/does not overshadow international obligations : reinforcing protection frameworks in non-EU countries does not make them « safe countries »;
Instrumentalising cooperation on asylum only results in pushing refugees away from Europe and puts them in danger;
Opacity is not acceptable : There is a complete lack of inclusion and/or consultation with civil society organizations in major policy-making processes as exemplified by the EU-African Summit on migration in Malta this year or in the framework of other cooperation processes (e.g. Mobility Partnerships).
In this respect, it is concerning that European and African NGOs have not been eligible for accreditation during the Valetta Summit.
Right to access information: Civil society organisations as well as people impacted by these policies have the right to be informed of policies negotiated in their name so they can express their voice as a full-fledged partner in these processes;
We are strongly concerned that results of the summit – especially the bilateral negotiations taking place on the side - will not be made public;
Stop bargaining on lives : development aid is increasingly conditioned upon cooperation in migration and border management ; this has to stop.
We therefore want to emphasise:
- Acceptance of EU migration policies and instruments shall not be a condition for development cooperation and / aid assistance by the EU;
- Countries with a known record of grave human rights violations shall by no means be recognised by the EU as cooperation partners in migration and border management;
- Cooperation processes currently aiming to stop irregular migration without providing substantial alternative for regular access to mobility should stop (in particular Khartoum Process, Rabat Process);
- Ongoing negociations on migration cooperation should be suspended until civil society is adequately consulted and listened to;
- Safe and legal access to mobility for all is crucially needed right now;
- The EU should allow access to those who wish to find protection on its territory and should not limit its effort to the few thousand resettlement places it has offered;
Migration policies should primarily be implemented with a view to guarantee that anyone has the right to leave any country including his/her own as required by international law and international refugee law ; the positive impact of migration and the right to seek protection should be acknowledged.