Egypt: Release on bail of Mr. Ahmed Abdel Fattah

18/02/2020
Urgent Appeal

New information
EGY 011 / 1219 / OBS 112.1
Release on bail /
Judicial harassment
Egypt
February 18, 2020

The Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders, a partnership of the World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT) and FIDH, has received new information and requests your urgent intervention in the following situation in Egypt.

New information:

The Observatory has been informed by reliable sources about the release on bail of Mr. Ahmed Abdel Fattah, a human rights defender from Aswan governorateand a board member of the Egyptian Commission for Rights and Freedoms (ECRF), a human rights law firm based in Cairo operating in several governorates. Mr. Abdel Fattah notably works for the promotion of health rights, environmental rights, refugees and migrants’ rights, Nubian rights, and the rights of persons with disabilities in Upper Egypt.

According to the information received, on February 10, 2020, Cairo Appeals Misdemeanor Court heard the appeal case lodged by Mr. Ahmed Abdel Fattah against Nasr City prosecutor’s decision to extend his detention by 15 days, and ordered his release on bail of 10’000 Egyptian pounds (about 575 euros), pending investigations. The bail was paid on the same day, and Mr. Ahmed Abdel Fattah was subsequently released around 3am on February 11, 2020.

The Observatory welcomes the release on bail ofMr. Ahmed Abdel Fattah, but recalls that hat he should never have been detained, as his detention only aimed at punishing him for his legitimate human rights activities.

The Observatory further condemns the ongoing harassment of Mr. Ahmed Abdel Fattahand of many other human rights defenders in Egypt, and recalls that Messrs. Ibrahim Ezz El-Din[1]and Haytham Mohamadein[2], two other ECRF members, also remain arbitrarily detained. Most recently, on February 7, 2020, Mr. Patrick George Zaki, a postgraduate student at Bologna University (Italy) and a Gender and Human Rights researcher at the Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights (EIPR), was arrested at Cairo airport upon his arrival from Italy, and has remained arbitrarily detained since then, and subject to acts of torture[3].

Background information:

On December 21, 2019, the Nasr City Prosecutor ordered the detention of Mr. Ahmed Abdel Fattah for 15 days pending investigations in Case number 606 of 2019 Emergency Misdemeanors on charges of “belonging to a terrorist group” and “spreading false information undermining State security”.

Mr. Ahmed Abdel Fattah was arrested by the police on December 10, 2019 at around 1am at a checkpoint in Nasr city, in Cairo, after he refused to open his mobile phone to be searched. Mr. Abdel Fattah was then brought to Nasr City police station 2, but his place of detention was only disclosed on December 20, 2019, when he was brought to Nasr City Prosecution.

Mr. Abdel Fattah subsequently reported that at the police station he was interrogated by national security officers and tortured until he revealed his mobile phone password. When the police and national security learned that he was working with ECRF, a hooded policeman would have told him: "We thought you belong to a terrorist group, it turns out it is a human right group you belong to, that is even worse".

The evidence held in the case against him are his mobile phone and printed screenshot of his Facebook page where he shared posts from ECRF Facebook page, including about the disappearance and arbitrary detention of Mr. Ibrahim Ezz El-Din, another ECRF member who went missing for 167 days until he at last reappeared at State security prosecution on November 26, 2019.

Actions requested:

Please write to the authorities in Egypt, urging them to:

i. Guarantee, in all circumstances, the physical integrity and psychological well-being of Mr. Ahmed Abdel Fattahas well as of all human rights defenders in Egypt;

ii. Carry out a transparent, impartial, immediate and thorough investigation into the above-mentioned allegations of torture in order to identify all those responsible, bring them before an independent tribunal, and sanction them as provided by the law;

iii. Put an end to all acts of harassment, including at the judicial level, against Mr. Ahmed Abdel Fattah, as well as against all ECRF members and all human rights defenders in Egypt and ensure that they are able to carry out their activities without hindrance;

iv. Conform in all circumstances to the provisions of the Declaration on Human Rights Defenders, adopted on December 9, 1998 by the United Nations General Assembly, in particular its Articles 1 and 12.2.;

v. Ensure in all circumstances respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms in accordance with international human rights instruments ratified by Egypt.

Addresses:

President of the Arab Republic of Egypt, H.E. Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, Fax: +202 2391 1441. Email: p.spokesman@op.gov.eg, Twitter: @AlsisiOfficial
Prime Minister, Mr. Mustafa Kemal Madbouly Mohamed. Email: pm@cabinet.gov.eg
Minister of the Interior, Mr. Mahmoud Tawfik, Email: center@iscmi.gov.eg
Minister of Justice, Mr. Mohamed Hossam Abdel-Rahim, Fax: +202 2795 8103
Public Prosecutor, Counsellor Nabeel Sadek, Fax: +202 2577 4716
Head of the Egyptian parliament’s Human Rights Committee, Mr. Alaa Abed, Email: humanrightscomplaints@parliament.gov.eg
Mr. Mohamed Fayeq, President of the National Council for Human Rights, Fax: + 202 25747497 / 25747670. Email: nchr@nchr.org.eg
H.E. Mr. Alaa Youssef, Ambassador, Permanent Mission of Egypt to the United Nations in Geneva, Switzerland, Email: mission.egypt@bluewin.ch
Embassy of Egypt in Brussels, Belgium, Fax: +32 2 675.58.88; Email: embassy.egypt@skynet.be

Please also write to the diplomatic missions or embassies of Egypt in your respective country.

***
Geneva-Paris, February 18, 2020

Kindly inform us of any action undertaken quoting the code of this appeal in your reply.

The Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders (the Observatory) was created in 1997 by the World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT) and FIDH. The objective of this programme is to intervene to prevent or remedy situations of repression against human rights defenders. OMCT and FIDH are both members of ProtectDefenders.eu, the European Union Human Rights Defenders Mechanism implemented by international civil society.

To contact the Observatory, call the emergency line:
• E-mail: Appeals@fidh-omct.org
• Tel and fax OMCT + 41 (0) 22 809 49 39 / + 41 22 809 49 29
• Tel and fax FIDH: + 33 (0) 1 43 55 25 18 / +33 1 43 55 18 80

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[1]See Observatory Urgent Appeal EGY 002 / 0619 / OBS 050.1, published on November 27, 2019.
[2]See Observatory Urgent Appeal EGY 003 / 0518 / OBS 069.3, published on December 12, 2019.
[3] See Observatory Urgent AppealEGY 001 / 0220 / OBS 012, published onFebruary 10, 2020.

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