Business and in particular transnational corporations have an impact - which can be both positive and negative - on the enjoyment of human rights. It is now admitted that corporations do have the responsibility to, at least, respect human rights where they operate2. However, while responsible businesses do not necessarily benefit from their efforts to respect human rights, those involved in human rights violations are not being adequately sanctioned. Some examples: a number of European businesses have adopted codes of conduct and monitoring systems, however it is nearly impossible for the consumers to distinguish between window dressing initiatives and truly responsible policies of companies. As a result, good players are not advantaged by the market. On the contrary, companies involved in human rights violations remain largely unpunished: when European companies supply authoritative regimes with technologies enabling the control and repression of dissenting voices, they are not sanctioned for complicity in human rights violations. FIDH believes that market pressures and voluntary CSR initiatives alone are not sufficient to make companies respect human rights.