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United Nations / Human Rights Council
United Nations
11 January 2006

Essential Elements of a Human Rights Council

To: Foreign Ministers of U.N. Member States

U.N. Permanent Representatives

Re: Essential Elements of a Human Rights Council

We, the undersigned organizations and individuals dedicated to protecting and promoting human rights, have closely observed the discussions aimed at creating a new Human Rights Council for the United Nations, as proposed by the Secretary-General and agreed by heads of state in September. As the negotiations resume in the period 11-16 January 2006 (with the hope of a final resolution), we write to underscore the elements which we believe are absolutely essential to create a new Council that would be truly an improvement over the existing Commission on Human Rights.

Much progress is reflected in the draft resolution dated 19 December 2005. The following provisions are now included as non-bracketed text, and are of central importance to us:

Affirmation that "the Council should address situations of violations of human rights, including gross and systematic violations, and make recommendations thereon," repeating the clear language agreed by world leaders in the World Summit Outcome Document (OP3).

Provisions stating that membership in the Council shall be based inter alia on the "contribution [of candidate countries] to the promotion and protection of human rights," and that "members elected to the Council shall abide by the highest standards for the promotion and protection of human rights and fully cooperate with the Council" (OP6 and OP8).

OP9 language that "members of the Council shall be reviewed under the universal periodic peer review mechanism during their term of membership."

The decision that the Council "shall meet regularly throughout the year" and that special meetings may be called as needed (OP 11).

The decision that the rules of procedure of the Council shall provide for the participation of nongovernmental organizations and other observers based on the arrangements and practices observed by the Commission on Human Rights (OP 12).

There are three issues still presented in brackets where the choices made in final negotiations will determine whether this reform creates a stronger human rights body, a Commission on Human Rights by another name, or an even weaker body:

1.Membership: The resolution must ensure an improved membership in which states engaged in gross, systematic human rights violations are not elected. We believe that this objective can be secured by: (a) ensuring an individual and direct vote of two-thirds of the General Assembly; (b) requiring regional groups to put forward more candidates than the number of seats allocated to their region; and (c) stipulating that an entirely new Council should be elected rather than declaring that current members become the first members of the new Council.

2.Meeting Schedule: The resolution should provide that the Council should schedule no fewer than six meetings per year for a total duration of no less than twelve weeks, especially given the time and resource demands should universal review be added to the current work of the Commission.

3.Consideration of Country-Specific Situations: The ability of the new Council to consider country situations and adopt resolutions must not be limited. In particular, adoption of country-specific resolutions should continue to require a simple majority of Council members in accordance with usual rules.

Only a Human Rights Council that builds on the Commission’s successes, strengthens the status of human rights across the U.N. system, and is a real improvement on the existing Commission will have the support of human rights and other organizations like ours, and more importantly, will fulfill the hopes of human rights stakeholders worldwide. A reform that enhances respect for human rights and demonstrates your own government’s support for these universal principles will bring credit to the United Nations, and to all of us working together to bring about the new Human Rights Council. We respectfully ask your government to insist upon these essential elements in the General Assembly resolution establishing a Human Rights Council.

With assurances of our highest consideration and respect,


Karin D. Ryan, Senior Advisor for Human Rights

The Carter Center

Yuri Dzhibladze, President

Center for the Development of Democracy and Human Rights (Russia)

Charles J. Brown, President and CEO

Citizens for Global Solutions

Ted Piccone, Executive Director

Democracy Coalition Project

Sidiki Kaba, President

Fédération internationale des ligues des droits de l’Homme / International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH)

Thomas O. Melia, Acting Executive Director

Freedom House

Gay McDougall, Executive Director

Global Rights

Gabor Rona, International Legal Director

Human Rights First

Kenneth Roth, Executive Director

Human Rights Watch

Hélène Sackstein, Permanent UN Representative in Geneva

International Alliance of Women

Gareth Evans, President and CEO

International Crisis Group

Bob Arsenault, President

International League for Human Rights

Chris Sidoti, Director

International Service for Human Rights

Felice D. Gaer, Director

Jacob Blaustein Institute for the Advancement of Human Rights

Robin Phillips, Executive Director

Minnesota Advocates for Human Rights

Morton H. Halperin, Director of U.S. Advocacy

Open Society Institute

Eric Sottas, Director

Organization mondiale contre la torture (OMCT) (Switzerland)

Leonard Rubenstein, Executive Director

Physicians for Human Rights

Matteo Mecacci, U.N. Representative

Transnational Radical Party

William R. Pace, Executive Director

World Federalist Movement

James C. O’Brien, Principal

The Albright Group LLC

Silvia Alonso Félix, Executive Secretary

Alianza Cívica

Iosif Lakhman, President

American Antifascist Association of Immigrants from the Former USSR

Armen Grigoryan

Analytical Center on Globalization and Regional Cooperation (Armenia)

Bani Dugal, Principal Representative

Bahá’í International Community, U.N. Office

Marina Rikhvanova, Co-Chair

"Baikal Environmental Wave" (Russia)

Alexander Gezalov, President

Karelian Regional Public Youth Organization "Balance" (Russia)

Alexey Zimenko, Director General

Biodiversity Conservation Center (Russia)

Natalia Ablova, Director

Bureau on Human Rights and Rule of Law (Kyrgyzstan)

Sergei Shapkhaev, Director

Buryat Regional Department on Lake Baikal (Russia)

Nicole Mlade, Program Director of Global Alliances and Senior Policy Analyst

Center for American Progress

Lene Schumacher, Director of Programs

Center for Development of International Law

Anna Pastukhova, Chair

Center for Information and Protection of Human Rights (Russia)

Alexander Radevich, Board Chairman

Center of Social and Educational Initiatives (Russia)

Lev Shlosberg, Director

Center for Social Projecting "Vozroshdenie" ("Revival") (Russia)

G. Jasper Cummeh, III

Center for Transparency and Accountability in Liberia (CENTAL)

Charlotte Bunch, Executive Director

Center for Women’s Global Leadership

Me Dieudonné Been Masudi Kingombe, Executive Director

Centre des Droits de l’Homme et du droit humanitaire (CDH)

Joseph Yav Katshung, Executive Director

Centre for Human Rights, Democracy and Transitional Justice Studies / Centre d’Etudes et de Recherche en Droits de l’Homme, Démocratie et Justice Transitionnelle (CERDH) (Democratic Republic of Congo)

Samantha Namnum, Head of the Human Rights and the Environment Program

Centro Mexicano de Derecho Ambiental (CEMDA) (Mexico)

Nikolai Shchur, Director

Chelyabinsk Regional Public Foundation Helping Hand (Ruka Pomoschi)

Jan Mortier, Executive Director

Civitatis International

Svetlana Aleshchenko, Director

International Charitable Fund "Christian World" (Ukraine)

Svetlana Gannushkina, Chair

Civic Assistance Committee (Russia)

Edil Baisalov

Coalition for Democracy and Civil Society (Kyrgyzstan)

Natalia Serdukova, Director

Committee of Soldiers’ Mothers of Sochi, Russia

Richard C. Rowson, President

Council for a Community of Democracies

René Plaetevoet, Chair

December 18 (Belgium)

Askhat Kayumov, Director

Ecological Center "Dront" (Russia)

Galina Grishina, Director General

"East-West: Women Innovation Projects" (Russia)

Alecu Renita, President

Ioana Bobina, Director of Information and Coordination Center

Ecological Movement of Moldova (Moldova)

Dr. Magdy Abdel-Hamid, Chairman of the Board of Directors

The Egyptian Association for Community Participation Enhancement (EACPE)

Peter Diakonov, Chairman

Ekaterinburg Anti-Fascist Center (Russia)

Anna Pastukhova, Chairperson

Ekaterinburg Society Memorial (Russia)

Thabo Madihlaba, National Director

Environmental Justice Networking Forum (South Africa)

Alexander Nikitin, Council Chair

Environmental Rights Center "Bellona" (Russia)

Ilona Mihaies, Executive President

Euroregional Center for Democracy (Romania)

Ibragimjon Domuladjanov, Chief of Organization

"For Ecologically Clean Ferghana" Association (Uzbekistan)

Gayar Iskandyarov

Chair, Foundation for Development of Muslim Peoples (Russia)

Boardmember, International Human Rights Assembly (Russia)

Olga Crivorucico, President

Ecological Public Organization "Friends to Animals and Nature" (Moldova)

Me S.A.ALAO, President


Peter Newell, Coordinator

Global Initiative to End All Corporal Punishment of Children (U.K.)

Judge Mukete Tahle Itoe, Global Secretary General

Global Network for Good Governance (GNGG) (Cameroon)

Gerald Thorns

Global Protect All Children

Richard Achunji Anguaseh, Program Director

Global Welfare Association (GLOWA) (Cameroon)

Michael M. Bogomolov, Vice-President

International Public Informational-Enlightment Movement "Goodwill - Without Borders" (Russia)

Elena Vasiljeva, President

Oleg Mozgovoy, President

"Green Cross" Murmansk Region, NGO "Green Club" (Russia)

Mary Shevchenko, Head of the Team

Team of Biological Conservation "Green Future" (Ukraine)

Roberts Putnis, Executive Chairperson

Transparency International (Latvia)

Layla Rajab Zayed, Chairperson

Gulf Center for Democracy Development

Sergio D’Elia, Secretary General

Hands off Cain (Italy)

Arthur Sakunts, Coordinator

Helsinki Citizens’ Assembly, Vanadzor Office (Armenia)

Tolekan Ismailova

Human Rights Center, "Citizens against Corruption" (Kyrgyzstan)

Oleg Orlov, Chairman

Human Rights Center "Memorial" (Russia)

Zohra Yusuf, Vice-Chairperson (Sindh)

Human Rights Commission of Pakistan

Brilliant Mhlanga, Secretary-General

Human Rights Organization "Imbovane Yamahlabezulu" (Zimbabwe)

Oleg Pecheniuk

Independent Ecological Expertise (Kyrgyzstan)

Sergey Kovalev, President

Valentin Gefter, Executive Director

Institute of Human Rights (Russia)

Oxana Alistratova, President

Interaction / Vzaimodeistvie (Moldova)

Daniel Ozoukou, Chairman

International Conference for Nonviolence and Democracy (Côte d’Ivoire)

Sara Winkowski

International Council of Jewish Women

Sylvie Bukhari de Pontual, President

International Federation of the Action by Christians for the Abolition of Torture (FIACAT) (France)

Eylah Kadjar-Hamouda, Coordinator

International Federation Terre des Hommes (Switzerland)

Dr. Nikolay Diko

President, International Foundation for Humanitarian Innovations (Russia)

Coordinator, International Committee of Citizen Diplomacy (Russia)

Sviatoslav Zabelin, Co-Chairman of Council

International Socio-Ecological Union

Vasiliy Vyuzhanin, Director

Inter-Regional Ural NGO Support Center (Russia)

Konstantin Reutskiy, Chair of the Board

Charitable Foundation "Jivaya Traditsia" ("Living Tradition") (Ukraine)

Isse Abdi Isse, Executive Officer

KISIMA Peace & Development Organization (Somalia)

Natalia Paegle, Chair

Karpinsky City Center of Study of Oral History of Russia (Russia)

Yevgeniy Zhovtis, Director

Kazakhstan International Bureau for Human Rights and Rule of Law (Kazakhstan)

Nozima Kamalova, Chairperson

Legal Aid Society (Uzbekistan)

Natalja Tagiltseva, Director

Regional NGO "Legal Protection" (Russia)

Andrey Tumanov, President

Youth NGO "Little Prince" (Russia)

Peter N. Prove, Asst. to the General Secretary for International Affairs and Human Rights

Lutheran World Federation (Switzerland)

Andrei Blinushov

Memorial-Ryazan/HRO.org/Karta Journal

Mariclaire Acosta, Former Vice Minister for Human Rights and Democracy (2001-2003)


Svetlana Gannushkina

Migration Rights Network, Civic Assistance Committee (Russia)

Olga R. Gulina, Executive Director

NGO Research Center of Human Rights and Civic Initiatives (Russia)

Telman Zeynalov, President

National Center of Environmental Forecasting (Azerbaijan)

David Ajetunmobi, National Secretary

Nigeria Automobile Technicians Association (NATA)

Vladimir Panteleev, Chair of the Board

Nizhny Novgorod Association of Communist Terror Victims (Russia)

Sergey Shimovolos, Chairman

Nizhny Novgorod Union for Human Rights (Russia)

Ginfranco Dell’Alba, Secretary General

No Peace without Justice (Italy)

Simon Burall, Director

One World Trust

Arsenikhin Anatoliy, President

Open Alternative (Russia)

Tatyana Tagieva, President

Ekaterinburg Regional Center of Support to Civic Initiatives "Open Society" (Russia)

Tatyana Mikhailova, Chair

Oryol Regional Soldiers Mothers’ Committee (Russia)

Andrea Sanhueza, Executive Director


S. Shaparenko, President

Environmental Group "Pechenigy" (Ukraine)

Jiwan Pradhan, Assistant Secretary General

Peoples Forum for Human Rights and Development (PFHRD) (Bhutan)

Anna Vanina, Director

"Pskovskaya Glubinka" (Russia)

Natalia Taubina, Director

"Public Verdict" Foundation (Russia)

Liz Scurfield, Joint Representative

Quaker Council for European Affairs

Vo Van Ai, President

Quê Me: Action for Democracy in Vietnam

Carol Bower, Executive Director

Resources Aimed at the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (RAPCAN)

Evgeny Egorov, Director

Free Creative Association "Roundabout" (Russia)

Stanislaw Dmitrievsky, Co-Chairman

Russian-Chechen Friendship Society (Russia)

Son Chhay, Member of Parliament

Sam Rainsy Party (Cambodia)

Lidiya Sviridova, Chairperson

Saratov Regional Union of Soldiers’ Mothers (Russia)

Andrey Kuvshinov, Chair

Siberian Human Rights Network "Rights Society" (Russia)

Tatiana Shchur, Head of the Group

Snezhinsk Step Towards Human Rights Group (Shag Navstrechu)

Natalia Serdykova, Chairperson

Sochi Committee of Soldiers’ Mothers (Russia)

Valery Borshyov, Chair of the Board

"Social Partnership" Foundation (Russia)

Abdinasir Nur, Director

Somali Youth for Peace and Democracy (SYPD)

Maxim Burmitskiy, Chairman

South-Siberian Human Rights Centre (Russia)

Tiziana Stella, Executive Director

Streit Council for a Union of Democracies

Anastasia Maltseva, Co-Chair

Sverdlovsk Regional Branch of the Russian "Memorial" Society (Russia)

Volodymyr Shcherbachenko, Head of the Board

East-Ukrainian Center of Civic Initiatives "Total Action of Support to Human Rights and Democracy" (Ukraine)

Sergio Stanzani, President

Transnational Radical Party (Italy)

Farid Tukhbatullin, Chairman

Turkmen Initiative for Human Rights (Austria)

Vadim Postnikov, Director

Tyumen Chapter of All-Russian Movement "For Human Rights" (Russia)

Yevhen Zakharov, Chairperson of the Board

Volodymyr Yavorsky, Executive Director

Ukrainian Helsinki Human Rights Union (UHHRU) (Ukraine)

Valentina Melnikova, Responsible Secretary

Ida Kuklina, Member of the Coordination Council

Union of Soldiers’ Mothers Committees of Russia (Russia)

Dr. Dmitry Dintsis, Coordinator

United Civil Front (Russia)

Kim Gleeson, Executive Director

Universal Rights Network

Mikhail Zolotukhin, Director

Urals Human Rights Bureau (Russia)

Vladimir A. Shaklein, Chairman of Coordinating Council

Ural Inter-Regional Human Rights Center (Russia)

Kennedy Ossano, Secretary General

WESNO_KE (Kenya)

Larisa Vasilyeva, Chair of the Board

Women’s Commonwealth / Zhenskoe Sodruzhestvo (Russia)

Bo Tedards, Coordinator

World Forum for Democratization in Asia

Pierre Galand, Chair

World Organisation against Torture, European Office (OMCT-Europe)

Razmik Sardaryan, Chairman

"Youth Canal" NGO (Armenia)

Elena Rusakova, Director

Youth Center for Human Rights and Legal Culture (Russia)

cc: H.E. Mr. Jan Eliasson, President of the U.N. General Assembly

H.E. Mr. Ricardo Alberto Arias, Co-Chair, Human Rights Council Negotiations

H.E. Mr. Dumisani Shadrack Kumalo, Co-Chair, Human Rights Council Negotiations

Mr. Kofi Annan, U.N. Secretary-General

Ms. Louise Arbour, U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights
Last Update 11 January 2006
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