Despite the fragile and limited reforms over the past year, human rights violations are on-going, serious and prevalent throughout Burma. The Government has yet to introduce or implement the substantive reforms necessary to establish the rule of law and democratic institutions and to protect human rights. The Government has intensified its offensives in ethnic areas (Kachin and Shan states) or continued military operations in others (Karen State, Tennaserim/Tanitharyi Division) while making little efforts to initiate a sustainable peace process through genuine political dialogue with all stakeholders. Religious intolerance continues to be a problem for Muslims and Christians. The root causes of human rights violations, in particular, impunity, are left largely unaddressed. Several oppressive laws linked to an un-democratic Constitution have been enacted, while security laws long condemned by the international community remain. The Burma Army remains politically and economically powerful and well beyond civilian control.
Therefore, enhanced scrutiny and monitoring is more essential than ever before. At the upcoming session of the UN General Assembly (UNGA), UN Member States must strengthen the 22nd UNGA resolution on Burma, elaborate on its recommendations and expectations for substantive reforms, and hold the Government to account for not complying with previous resolutions’ urgent calls.
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